9 June 2014

Firoz Shah Kotla Fort, Delhi

Delhi, the capital of Independent India, also has a great history as capital of several empires. The first instance of the region being capitalized was during Mahabharata, when Pandava brothers built Indraprastha and ruled the country from here. Though there is no much evidence about Indraprastha, the extensive coverage of Delhi's history begins with Delhi Sultanate. The modern city contains the remnants of 7 capital cities,
  • Qila Rai Pithore - dating 10th century, established by Prithviraj Chauhan, ruins visible around Qutub complex
  • Mehrauli - dating 11-12th century, established by Qutubuddin Aibak, present day Qutub complex
  • Siri - dating 14th century, established by rulers of Khilji dynasty, present day Hauz Khas is remanence of Siri
  • Tughlaqabad - dating 14th century, established by Ghiasuddin Tughlaq
  • Firozabad - dating 14th century, established by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, present day Firoz Shah Kotla
  • Shergarh - dating 16th century, established by Sher Shah and completed by Humayun after gaining back power from Sher Shah, present day Purana Qila
  • Shahjahanabad - dating 17th century, established by Shahjahan, present day old Delhi, Lal Qila, Chandni Chowk
(Detailed history of the cities along with their present day monuments in following posts).
Of the Seven cities of Delhi, Firoz Shah Kotla also called Kushk-I-Firuz was the Fortress of Firoz Shah Tughlaq(1351-88). Built along the bank of river Yamuna, Firoz Shah established the fortified city of Firozabad, the fifth city of Delhi, as the capital of Delhi Sultabhjjnate.
Firoz Shah Kotla
The Main Gate
The Fort had a Palace, pillared halls, mosque, a pigeon tower and a water tank. The complex has a Pyramidal structure supporting the Ashoka Pillar or the  Lat. Attributed to Mauryan ruler Ashoka, this sandstone column was brought from Ambala by Firoz Shah. It stands on a three-tiered arcaded palace pavilion located near main royal residence. 
Firoz Shah Kotla
Firoz Shah Kotla
Ashoka Pillar on three tier arcad
Pigeons in the complex, not sure if this is the pigeon tower
Firoz Shah was a renowned builder, who was credited for the construction of several mosques, hunting lodges, reservoirs for irrigation, collages in and around Delhi.
Firoz Shah Kotla
The Baoli or well or water tank in the Fort complex is said to be the essential source of water to the fortress. The circular well, open to the sky, had pulleys to lift water. A complex system of pipes and channels pumped water to the roof of two storeys rooms around the well. From there it used to be used for watering the gardens.
Firoz Shah Kotla
Baoli
Most of the building material from Firoz Shah's city was robbed to build Shahjahanabad(1638-48). And its the ruins of the whole city which remains today.
Firoz Shah Kotla
Floodlights of Firoz Shah Kotla Cricket Ground visible from the Fort
Travel Info:
Firoz Shah Kotla is at Bahadur Shah Zafar Road. Nearest metro station, Pragati Maidan
Entry Fee: 
Rs. 5/- for Indian tourists
Rs. 100/- for foreign tourists
Fort is open on all days from sunrise to sunset.

Related Posts: Check out the complete series on Golden Triangle Tour

19 comments:

  1. Lovely landscapes and the fort is gorge...

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  2. Good you promoted this place. Not appreciated enough.

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  3. Thank you Sir for the appreciation.. :)

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  4. Great tour!! Boom, Bobbi and Gary.

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  5. Very cool pictures. Visiting from Outdoor Wednesday.

    Jocelyn @ http://justalittlesouthernhospitality.blogspot.com/

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  6. Oh my goodness these buildings are really, really, really, really old and so interesting. Thank you for posting this information with some photographs.
    JM Illinois, U.S.A.

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  7. I have been to Delhi but we didn't go here... looks very interesting,next time!
    Wren x

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    1. Its not visited by many, Wren. We were the only in the entire fort complex when we visited. To accompany us were few snakes and mangoose..;)

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  8. Thank you Jocelyn and Joyce..:)

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  9. Such a deep rooted history we have, but sad that we do not appreciate enough or take measures to preserve our wonderful heritage!

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    1. True VaishVijay, really need to be proud of the rich history and heritage of our country..

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